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The Pediatrics Center Pneumonia Information Guide
Pneumonia is the infection of the lungs that can be extremely dangerous among children, so immediate medical intervention is needed to help in reducing the morbidity and mortality rate associated with the disease. When it comes to the different types of virus that cause pneumonia, they include parainfluenza, influenza virus, adenovirus, and respiratory syncytial virus. It can also be caused by bacterial infections. These viruses and bacteria are usually spread via coughing or direct contact with the person’s infected saliva or mucus. Pneumonia is a common medical problem happening to children during fall, winter, and early spring when children spend more time indoors with closer contact with other people.
When it comes to the signs and symptoms of pneumonia, they include fever, coughing, fast and labored breathing, sweating, chills, wheezing, widening of the nostrils, and bluish tint of the lips or nails. The diagnostic procedure for determining the extent of lung infection is chest x-ray. Avoid giving your child over-the-counter cough suppressants like dextromethorpan because coughing is needed to clear the excessive secretions produced by the lungs, and viral infection does not need any specific treatment other than fever control and rest. In order to prevent recurrence and complete eradication of infection, it is important to follow the exactly prescribed antibiotics with the right dosage, time, and frequency, and never discontinue the medication even if your child feels better. It is important to have your child checked by a pediatrician as soon as you are suspecting pneumonia.
It is crucial to check back with your pediatrician if your child manifests any of the following signs and symptoms: fever lasting for more than a few days despite antibiotics intake, breathing difficulties, or evidence of other body part infection (swollen joints, neck stiffness, bone pain, and vomiting). As the popular saying goes, “An ounce of prevention is better an ounce of cure.”, so have your child vaccinated against pneumococcal infections. The administration of pneumococcal conjugate or PCV13 is usually at four, six, and twelve to fifteen months. From 24 to 29 months of age, children who are at a high risk of developing an invasive pneumococcal infection such as those children with sickle cell anemia, heart disease, lung disease, kidney failure, organ transplant, or HIV, must be vaccinated with pneumococcal polysaccharide or PPV23.
Learn more about pediatric health by checking the website of the Pediatric Center, and get to know the best pediatricians in New Jersey today. Find out their contact information here. Our children are precious to us, so we have to take action right away if we suspect them having any medical condition such as pediatric pneumonia, and let this be a resource guide for you. Always remember that the Pediatric Center is always available to help you.