Study: My Understanding of Resources
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A medical laboratory is where the tests for the clinical specimen will be taking place in order to get the important details that will help on the diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures for a patient. Clinical laboratories focus on applied science mainly on the production-like basis not like the research laboratories that focus on basic science on an academic basis.
Laboratory medicine usually have two departments on which each unit will be divided into a number of different units. You can read more about the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Each of those units can be studied alone in a single course, try checking this page. Physiology, pathology, pathophysiology, and histology are the other courses that you can get from this department.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five various sciences. The units included here are mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology.
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The two subunits in this section are the blood bank and coagulation.
Genetics is studied also alongside a subspecialty which is the cytogenetics.
Reproductive biology – assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank are in this section.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. An example for this is some facilities might not have a laboratory for microbiology but will have separate labs for each unit, while some health institutions will have one laboratory intended for microbiology.
Below are a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipments for urinalysis and hermatology.
You should take note of the clinical specimen that can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissues, urine, synovial fluid, sputum, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, feces, and swabs. That main task here involves the main concern with cultures, looking for the possible pathogens that will be identified more based on biochemical tests if found. A sensitivity test will also be done in order to know if the pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a prescribed medicine, simply check this company. The determined organism or organisms and the type and amount of medication that will be prescribed to the patient will be given together with the result.
Different types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, most of the medical specimens will be processed in two main medical laboratories. The laboratories that are attached to the hospitals will perform different tests for the patients. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. There are so many websites that can provide you with more information about medical laboratories, just click here for more.