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The Path to Becoming a Urologist

Urologists are professionals that handles the treatment process for people who have injuries and diseases involving the urinary tract. They also treat conditions that are associated with disorders of a male’s reproductive system and also the female pelvic floor muscles. But, they don’t treat the female’s reproductive issue because it is the field of a gynecologist. Urology is a specialty which will allow physicians in using both their medical management knowledge as well as their surgical skills in caring for their patients.


The urologist will treat and also diagnose different medical conditions that includes having weak pelvic floor muscles, urinary incontinence, recurrent bladder infections and also with prostate cancer. They could also treat conditions like male infertility and problems like kidney stones. There are some urologists who chose to specialize furthermore and narrow more their focus or field. Three subspecialties in urology are the female urology, oncology urology and pediatric urology.

As an addition to the process of completing a physical exam or medical history as part of its diagnostic process, a urologist also could perform certain tests. After the diagnosis, the urologist will then determine the right treatment. The type of treatment that will be given is based with the condition of the patient.

Urologists are likewise surgeons, so they also will perform different types of surgical procedures, which is a part of the treatment plan. There are some conditions that may need treatments through medication, surgery or both of it.

For one to become a urologist, a four-year college degree is needed before one could apply for medical school. The medical college admission test is also a requirement in getting to a medical school.

Once that you have been accepted in med school, you will then undergo a four year training. In that time, you will undergo classes in medical ethics, genetics, neuroscience and in biochemistry. In your third and fourth year of med school, you will then need to apply your knowledge gained in the real world when starting clinical rotations.

Also, there are mandatory clinical rotations like internal medical and psychiatry as well as elective rotations. The fact that urology is not a required rotation, you can actually choose it as an elective during the time of your fourth year in medical school in order to get a better understanding in such field.

When you have graduated from medical school, a urology residency would be next. For those who have the interest in a subspecialty of urology, a one to two year post residency fellowship would be needed. Once that all the educational and training requirements have been completed, physicians are then eligible to take the exam in order to become board certified in urology.